Your elective options in University of Minnesota's Cardiovascular Diseases Subspecialty Fellowship Program are outstanding.

Your elective options include:

  • Six to 12 months focusing on invasive cardiology — including complex hemodynamics, procedures such as transseptal catheterization and endomyocardial biopsy and clinical invasive investigation
  • More training in the clinic
  • Six to 12 months in echocardiography, including intensive exposure to transesophageal and stress echocardiography
  • Six to 12 months in advanced training in nuclear cardiology, which can fulfill the requirements for licensure by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (This training will include in-depth exposure to physics, radiation safety, radiopharmaceuticals and instrumentation, as well as more experience in reading and interpreting radionuclide angiograms and thallium/sestamibi scintigrams.)
  • Six months gaining intensive implantation experience in the pacemaker laboratory
  • More clinical experience in peripheral vascular diseases and training in noninvasive testing, imaging techniques and catheter therapies
  • Training in adult congenital heart disease

Two years of advanced training and research meeting board eligibility requirements are available in:

  • Electrophysiology
  • Interventional cardiac catheterization