Medical School

Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine

Department of Medicine

Peter Bitterman, MD

MEDDOM2 Faculty PACCS Bitterman

Academic Title

Professor

Clinical Title

Pulmonologist, Critical Care Physician

Specializations

  • Critical Care Medicine

Practices

  • Transplant Center
  • Center for Lung Science and Health

Education

Medical School
Yale University, New Haven, CT
Residency
University of Chicago Hospitals and Clinics, Chicago, IL
Fellowship
National Institutes of Health, Washington, DC

Administrative Contact

General Information
E: PACCS
P: (612) 624-3773
F: (612) 625-2174

Mailing Address

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
420 Delaware Street, SE, MMC 276 (Pulmonary) MMC 434 (Allergy)
Minneapolis, MN 55455
 

Bio Statement

Peter Bitterman, M.D graduated from Yale University Medical School in 1976. He completed his residency at the University of Chicago and a fellowship with the National Institutes of Health. He is currently associate director of the MD PhD program and professor in the Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Division. He has been elected to the American Society of Clinical Investigation and the Association of American Physicians; and the recipient of the American Thoracic Society Recognition Award for Scientific Accomplishment. Bitterman served as Associate Editor for several scientific journals and is an inaugural member of the Center for Lung Science and Health at the University of Minnesota; a center dedicated to interdisciplinary research, education, and public outreach activities that promote lung health and improve the care of patients with lung disease.

Research Interests

  • Drug Discovery
  • Translational Control
  • Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Lung Repair and Regeneration
     
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Research Projects

RESEARCH PROGRAM: TRANSLATIONAL CONTROL OF GENE EXPRESSION IN IPF AND CANCER

We seek to understand how the protein synthesis apparatus regulates gene expression and cell function. We have discovered that pathological activation of translation initiation complex eIF4F imparts primary fibroblasts and epithelial cells with autonomy for growth and survival and is required for cancer cells to maintain a malignant phenotype. Our research program addresses 3 major questions:

What mechanisms govern which mRNA are selected for translation and how is it organized to mediate normal or pathological cell function? In collaboration with the Henke laboratory at Minnesota and the Larsson laboratory at the Karolinska in Stockholm, this line of investigation features genome-wide approaches in vitro and in vivo. Our goal is to decipher the rules governing the translational control step in gene expression.

Is COPD on the causal pathway to cancer? We are addressing this question as part of a large multi-level OMICS study of COPD lung tissue from patients with and without lung cancer. This will be the first study to integrate data from the genome, transcriptome, translatome and proteome. It is led by the Wendt laboratory at Minnesota and the Yang laboratory at Mayo with collaborators from the Karolinska.

Can we correct pathological function of the protein synthesis apparatus with small organic molecules? Our laboratory is testing novel translational repressors as potential anticancer and antifibrotic agents in collaboration with the Wagner laboratory in the College of Pharmacy.

Our investigations feature a dynamic collaborative network of biochemists, cancer biologists, lung biologists and medicinal chemists. Graduate students and post-doctoral fellows interact with a diverse group of trainees as part of our NIH-sponsored training grant led by David Ingbar; joining a cohort spanning an educational continuum beginning with honors undergraduates satisfying their research requirement, MD and MD/PhD students and post-doctoral fellows.
 

ACTIVE GRANT SUPPORT
Principle Investigator or Project Leader:

  • 1P01 HL091775 (PI Project 2; Henke P01 PI) 05/01/09-04/30/14
    NIH/NHLBI “Translational Control of the Fibrotic Fibroblast in IPF”
    The purpose of this grant is to test the function of RNA regulatory elements in IPF that confer lung fibroblasts with pathological properties.
     
  • R25HL088728 05/01/2007- 4/30/2017
    NIH/NHLBI “Summer Research at the University of Minnesota Medical School”.
    This grant has 3 goals: 1. Recruit a diverse, academically outstanding cohort of students from across the US and Puerto Rico to the University of Minnesota, 2. Provide student participants with a program faculty-mentored independent research opportunity, and 3. Develop an innovative research-training module devoted to recruiting and training a cohort of students committed to the pursuit of a combined MD-PhD degree.

Co-investigator:

  • R01HL105406-A1 Chen (PI) 08/05/2011- 04/30/2015
    NIH/NHLBI “Molecular Mechanism of 4E-Binding Proteins on Heart Failure Development”
    The purpose of this grant is to study the role of the 4E-binding proteins on the development of congestive heart failure in a mouse model.
     
  • R01HL107612 Wendt (PI) 07/01/2011-4/30/2015
    NIH/NHLBI/NCI “Common Pathogenetic Mechanisms of Lung Cancer and COPD”
    The purpose of this grant is to identify common steps in the gene expression pathway of COPD and lung cancer by integrating gene sequence data, genome-wide transcriptional and translational profiling data and proteomic data from human tissue specimens.
     
  • 1P01 HL091775 05/01/09-04/30/14
    NIH/NHLBI Henke (PI) “Integrin-ECM Regulation of Fibroblast Proliferation”
    The objective of this proposal is to define the role of integrin in regulating PTEN function in response to fibroblast interaction with polymerized type I collagen.
     
  • P30 CA077598-11 Yee (PI); Bitterman (Co-Leader, Genetic Mechanisms of Cancer)
    NIH/NCI “Cancer Center Support Grant”
    The goal of this grant is infrastructure for cancer research, education and patient care for the citizens of the Minnesota and the surrounding region.
     
  • 5T32GM008244 7/1/1988 – 6/30/2015
    NIH/NIGMS “Medical Scientist Training Program”
    This award supports the University of Minnesota combined MDPhD Program, Shimizu (PI).
     
Leadership Roles
  • American Association of Physicians
  • American Society of Clinical Investigation
  • American Thoracic Society Recognition Award for Scientific Accomplishment
Publications
  • Bhargava M, Dey S, Becker TL, Steinbach MS, Wu B, Lee SM, Higgins L, Kumar V, Bitterman PB, Ingbar DH, Wendt CH. Protein Expression Profile of Rat Type Two Alveolar Epithelial Cells During Hyperoxic Stress and Recovery. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2013 Sep 6. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24014686.
  • Issaenko OA, Bitterman PB, Polunovsky VA, Dahlberg PS. Cap-dependent mRNA translation and the ubiquitin-proteasome system cooperate to promote ERBB2-dependent esophageal cancer phenotype. Cancer Gene Ther. 2012 Sep;19(9):609-18. doi: 10.1038/cgt.2012.39. Epub 2012 Jul 6. PubMed PMID: 22767218; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3708616.
  • Liu T, Ullenbruch M, Young Choi Y, Yu H, Ding L, Xaubet A, Pereda J, Feghali-Bostwick CA, Bitterman PB, Henke CA, Pardo A, Selman M, Phan SH. Telomerase and telomere length in pulmonary fibrosis. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2013 Aug;49(2):260-8. doi: 10.1165/rcmb.2012-0514OC. PubMed PMID: 23526226.
  • Li S, Jia Y, Jacobson B, McCauley J, Kratzke R, Bitterman PB, Wagner CR. Treatment of breast and lung cancer cells with a N-7 benzyl guanosine monophosphate tryptamine phosphoramidate pronucleotide (4Ei-1) results in chemosensitization to gemcitabine and induced eIF4E proteasomal degradation. Mol Pharm. 2013 Feb 4;10(2):523-31. doi: 10.1021/mp300699d. PubMed PMID: 23289910.
  • Hu B, Wu Z, Hergert P, Henke CA, Bitterman PB, Phan SH. Regulation of myofibroblast differentiation by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1. Am J Pathol. 2013 Jan;182(1):71-83. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2012.09.004. PubMed PMID: 23260200; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3532707.
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  • Last modified on February 25, 2014